Within the construction industry, there is more than one route to a variety of career paths. Basically speaking, there are three major tiers of occupation in the industry based on educational background and training, although it can vary depending on the country. The unskilled and semi-skilled tier houses those working in general site labor. These workers could have little or no qualifications in construction. The skilled tier is where tradesmen and onsite managers reside.
Tradesmen are those who have served apprenticeships while onsite managers should have extensive knowledge and are experienced in their work or craft and profession. The tier of technical and management boasts individuals with the greatest educational qualifications. They typically have graduate degrees, are trained to deal with a project including designing, managing, and instructing the process of construction.
Masons, ironworkers, plumbers, electricians, carpenters, and other manual crafts are all considered skilled occupations in the industry, in addition to those working in project management. In the UK, these occupations are thought to be legitimate if the individuals have further education qualifications especially in vocational subject areas. Said qualifications can be obtained through compulsory education or through apprenticeship training. In 2007 in the UK, there were 8500 apprenticeships related to construction commencing.
Occupations that are technical and specialized need further training because deeper knowledge is a must. Main careers that call for educational requirements vary. An architect must holds an undergraduate 3-year degree in architecture and a post-graduate 2-year degree (BArch or DipArch) in architecture. A civil engineer must hold a degree in respective subject. A building services engineer is also called M&E Engineer and must hold a degree in either mechanical or electrical engineering.
A project manager must hold a 4-year or more higher education qualification and a qualification in architecture, civil engineering, or quantity surveying. A structural engineer must hold a bachelor’s or master’s degree in structural engineering. A quantity surveyor must hold a bachelor’s degree in quantity surveying. A civil estimator should have a background in construction supervision, construction project management, or civil engineering.
Areas in the world with a strong growth in the industry of construction (such as the Middle East) offer higher average salaries than the UK, for example. In the Middle East, a professional in the construction industry earns an average of £42,090, across all levels of experience, job types, and sectors. The average earning of the same professional in the UK would be £26,719.